Taras Shevchenko is a prominent Ukrainian poet, writer (playwriter and novelist), artist (painter and engraver), public and political figure, folklorist and ethnographer. He wrote poetry and prose, created paintings and loved Ukraine. One of the most famous Shevchenko’s books is Kobzar. After publishing this legendary book, the writer himself was nicknamed Kobzar.
Even many years after his death, Shevchenko’s diverse oeuvre still arouses the interest. Today we want to share with you interesting facts about his life.
The record number of monuments
There are 1384 monuments dedicated to Kobzar. They are located on the territory from Brazil to China. This number is second only to the number of monuments to one person. According to researchers, the biggest amount of monuments in the world is made in honor of Jesus Christ. The greatest amount of Shevchenko monuments are based on the territory of Ukraine – there are 1256 of them, and almost half a hundred of monuments are located in 35 countries.
Shevchenko is on Mercury
In 1973-1975, the Mariner-10 automatic station flew three times near Mercury made the photos of this planet from a close distance and for the first time. It was discovered that the surface of the planet is covered with craters of various sizes. According to the rules of the International Astronomical Union, they were named after artists, musicians, writers, and poets. Thus, one of 300 Mercury craters received the name of Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko. The diameter of the Shevchenko’s crater is 137 kilometers.
Two years of school, two hundred years of fame
The basic education Taras had was two years of study at the church parish school. The future pride of the Ukrainian culture - Shevchenko - was obliged by many of his knowledge to baroness Sofiia Hryhorivna Enhelhardt. The young lady with charming beauty taught the young Cossack Polish and French. His general understanding of the world was formed based on lackeys’ thoughts.
The works of Shevchenko are translated into Esperanto
The poetry of Taras Shevchenko has been translated into more than one hundred languages. Among them are Japanese, Korean, Arabic, and international Esperanto languages. The vast majority of translations was made in Russian, German, Polish, and English.
Shevchenko was a fashionist
Shevchenko was often depicted as a mustached man in a cap and kaftan. The researchers of the Kobzar’s biography do not agree with such one-sided interpretation of his personality. Shevchenko was a Democrat in his heart, and he did not like excessive grandeur.
However, during his life in St. Petersburg, when he became a fashionable portraitist and began to make good money, Shevchenko dressed very fashionably. In particular, in his diary, he wrote about the special pleasure of buying a rubber macintosh, which cost 100 rubles at that time. (For comparison – when Shevchenko worked in an archaeological commission he earned 150 rubles a year).
The Ukrainian master Mykola Siadrystyi created the smallest "Kobzar" in the world. The book measures just over half a square millimeter. It is almost 19 times less than the smallest Japanese book. The pages are so thin that they can only be turned over with the tip of the sharpened hair. The book is seamed using a spider’s web, and the cover is made using an everlasting flower. The book contains 12 pages, each with 8 verse lines.
On the photo: miniature book, nearby a poppy grain, is located (for comparison). The image is increased by 700 times. The book’s size is 0.6 mm2
180 human settlements
In 1964, when the 150th anniversary of the Great Kobzar was celebrated, 196 settlements of the USSR were named after Shevchenko. Today in Ukraine 164 settlements are named after Taras Shevchenko. In Kazakhstan, there is a town called Fort Shevchenka; from 1964 to 1991, the city of Aktau was called Shevchenko.
In addition, the sea bay in the Aral Sea and the 4,200-meter mountain peak on the northern slope of the Greater Caucasus, are named in honor of Shevchenko. This name was given by Ukrainian climbers who first make their way to the top of this Caucasus mountain in 1939.
Taras Shevchenko paintings
Painting "Gypsy Fortune Teller"
Taras Shevchenko's paintings are less known but also a popular part of his heritage like engravings and prose works. Up to the present time 835 paintings by Shevchenko have appeared in the originals and partly in wood and metal engravings. They are made with oil, ink, watercolor, lead pencil, etc. However, only a small part of the works of art has the author's signatures, and the creation date is even smaller.
The biggest portrait
The largest portrait of Taras Shevchenko with an area of over 500 square meters was painted in Kharkiv in October 2014 on the wall of a 17-story building. This graffiti was added to the Book of Records of Ukraine.
The picture was painted at night for more than two weeks. Artists needed about 900 cans of aerosol paint to put the idea into reality. The creative group Kailas-V used as a basis the portraiture of Taras Shevchenko made by Ivan Kramskyi. The width of the finished graffiti is 12 meters and the height is 43 meters.
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